Over the past years, Knowledge Sharing (KS) has moved to the center of global development as a third pillar complementing financial and technical assistance. In this line, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development calls for “enhance[ing] knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms” (para 17.6) while the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing for Development “encourage[s] knowledge sharing […] in sectors contributing to the achievement of the SDGs” (para 117). This recognition of knowledge and learning builds up on previous global agreements, particularly those promoted by the Global Partnership on Effective Development Cooperation (GPEDC) and the G20 Development Working Group. Finally, in April 2016, dozens of governments and multilateral institutions launched the Global Partnership on Knowledge Sharing (GPKS) as a key vehicle to scale up the use of Knowledge Sharing for sustainable development.
Knowledge Sharing directly benefits from country-led policies and programs implemented by developing countries in their quest for sustainable development. It reflects of the increased capacity of line ministries and subnational institutions (such as cities) in fighting poverty and boosting shared prosperity. These players are indeed key to the achievement of the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which require specialized expertise in complex policy areas and capacity to learn across specific sectors and themes.
Therefore, Institutional and operational capacities for Knowledge Sharing are more critical than ever to achieve the SDGs. Country institutions are vital as key contributors of tested successful solutions and proven good practices in all areas of the SDGs. These solutions and innovations are often local, and need to be identified, captured and shared for national and international scale-up, i.e. in the context of South-South and Triangular Cooperation.
Recognizing this potential, a series of High-Level Meetings (HLM) have addressed challenges and opportunities to strengthen country-led knowledge sharing, leading to practical action in dozens of countries over the past years. The first edition (HLM1) convened all global and national key players in Bali Indonesia (July 2012) to kick-start joint efforts on institutional models for knowledge sharing. In Seoul Korea, during the HLM2 held in June 2014, policy-makers and practitioners agreed on a shared approach for institutional and organizational capacities. In March 2016, sector ministries, national agencies and other key development actors met for the HLM3 in Washington DC to refine their specific KS approaches and programs, and agree next steps with multilateral institutions supporting these efforts. This last meeting also witnessed the launch of the Global Partnership for Knowledge Sharing (GPKS), which in the past year has become a vivid platform for mutual learning and shared benefit around KS capacities.
Indonesia as one of emerging countries has become a pioneer in knowledge sharing to support the global development agenda. In collaboration with JICA, the World Bank, and UNDP, Indonesia co-organized the first High Level Meeting on the subject in 2012. The key message highlighted during the first HLM outlined that knowledge sharing is an effective instrument for development, especially when designed with a results-focus in mind and involve peer to peer learning, practical, concrete and tailored to local needs.
The objectives of HLM4 are as follows:
- Exchange experiences and facilitate learning on challenges, opportunities and innovative approaches of institutionalized and systematic knowledge capturing and sharing for national and international scale-up;
- Based on emerging evidence, showcase ongoing efforts and impact to strengthen country-led knowledge sharing by governments and the support schemes provided particularly by multilateral institutions, highlighting local experiences and innovations from Indonesia and countries from around the world; and
- Deepen the momentum for MICs and LICs as valuable sources of development solutions, meeting the demand for development solutions from cross the world in the form of South-South cooperation, towards achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.
To achieve the above objectives HLM4 thus aims to address, amongst others, the following key questions:
- What are successful examples for systematic capturing and sharing of local solutions and innovations for national and international scale-up?
- How do Knowledge Sharing, South-South and Triangular Cooperation become effective schemes to support the achievement of SDGs?
- What are effective strategies to measure and evaluate knowledge sharing towards tangible outcomes?